Why European Garnacha/Grenache may be the most eco-friendly grape in the world?


There are many experts who describe the European Garnacha/Grenache as possibly the most sustainable grape. And they are not wrong. From the beginning of its cycle, this variety requires relatively low maintenance, meaning, it doesn’t need much to grow, as it thrives in poor soils: slate, clay, pebbles and sand, which gets the best results out of the grape.

In addition, being very drought resistant, it works quite well in areas where water is limited, so it does not need irrigation and therefore uses less water, an increasingly precious commodity in the face of climate change.

On the other hand, European Garnacha/Grenache has proven resilient in increasingly acidic soils. The malleability of this vine in different soil pHs is useful because the acidity of all soils increases over time.

Due to its robust wood, European Garnacha/Grenache can withstand strong winds in Mediterranean areas.

@C Chris Martínez

Taking advantage of these ecological characteristics, winegrowers in the PDOs Calatayud, Campo de Borja, Cariñena, Somontano, Terra Alta and  Roussillon GIs have adopted some measures to produce quality Garnacha/Garnacha wine:

  • Respecting very low natural yields.
  • Taking advantage of old vines and their suitability to the unique terroir.
  • Combining modern techniques and ancient traditions.
  • Producing wines of exceptional character and concentration.

In addition, as organic cultivation in winemaking has been on the rise in recent years (less chemicals, environmentally friendly), Garnacha/Grenache has emerged as one of the leading grapes producing organic wines.

In short, the Garnacha/Grenache grape can be considered the most sustainable grape in the world which expert winemakers can use to make elegant, complex, and age-worthy wines.

Welcome to

Are you under 21?

You must be of legal drinking age in your country of residence to visit this site.

By entering this site, I certify that I am of legal drinking age in my country of residence.
The content of this website represents the views of the author only and is his/her sole responsibility. The European Commission and the Research Executive Agency (REA) do not accept any responsibility for any use that may be made of the information it contains.


Purposes: Collected exclusively to the extent necessary to fulfil a specific purpose you request from us and not to be re-used for an incompatible purpose.

Data retention: Only for the time necessary to fulfil the purpose of collection or further processing.

Disclosure: Only to third parties if necessary for the fulfilment of the purpose(s) identified above and to the
mentioned (categories of) recipients.
Rights: To request details, access to, correct inaccuracies, object to, erase and/or restrict the processing and portability of the information collected.

Additional information: More information or request at